Languages and dialects (CED) :


Alutiiq (AAY - Alutiiq Alaskan Yupik), also called Pacific Yupik or Sugpiaq, is spoken in Alaska on the shores of Prince William Sound, at the tip of Kenai Peninsula, on Kodiak Island and on the Alaska Peninsula. Dialects and subdialects:

    Chugach (C)

        Prince William Sound (PWS)

        Kenai Peninsula (KP)

    Koniag (K)

        Kodiak (Kod)

            Afognak (Afog)

        Alaska Peninsula (AP)

            Perryville (Perry)


Central Alaskan Yupik (CAY) is spoken in southwestern Alaska around Bristol Bay and the lower drainages of the Yukon and Kuskokwim Rivers. Dialects and subdialects:

    Egegik (Eg)

    General Central Yupik (GCY)

        Lake Iliamna (LI)

        Nushagak River (NR)

        Bristol Bay (BB)

        Kuskokwim (K)

            Lower Kuskokwim (LK)

            Upper Kuskokwim (UK)

        Nelson Island (NI)

        Yukon (Y)

    Hooper Bay-Chevak (HBC)

    Nunivak (Nun)

    Norton Sound (NS)

        Norton Sound Kotlik (NSK)

        Norton Sound Unaliq (NSU)


Naukan(ski) (NSY - Naukan Siberian Yupik) is actually intermediate between Central Alaskan and Central Siberian Yupik, with the term "Siberian" reflecting geographical rather than linguistic position. It was spoken at East Cape on the Chukchi Peninsula of the (former) Soviet Far East, until the population was relocated to Lavrentiya and other settlements in 1958.


Central Siberian Yupik (CSY) is spoken on St. Lawrence Island, Alaska and on the opposite coast of Chukotka. Varieties:

        Chaplinski (Chap)

        St. Lawrence Island (SLI)

Note that separate designations for SLI and Chap represent a difference in sources more than an actual dialect difference, although traces of subdialectal variation are present in both varieties.


Sirenik(ski) (Sir) was spoken in Sireniki, Chukotka, and is remembered by two elderly persons.


Seward Peninsula Inuit (SPI) is spoken on the Seward Peninsula in northwestern Alaska and adjacent islands in Bering Strait. Dialects:

    Bering Strait (BS)

        Imaqliq or Big Diomede (Imaq)

        Little Diomede (Di)

        King Island (KI)

        Cape Prince of Wales (W)

    Qawiaraq (Qaw)

        Fish River (FR)

        Unalakleet (Unk)

Note that separate designations for Di and Imaq represent a difference in sources more than an actual subdialect difference.


North Alaskan Inuit (NAI) is spoken in northern and northwestern Alaska with extensions to Norton Sound and into Canada. Dialects:

    Malimiut (Mal)

        Kobuk (K)

    North Slope (NS)

        Point Hope (PH)

        Barrow (B)

        Nunamiut (Nu)

        Uummarmiut (Uum)


Western Canadian Inuit (WCI) is spoken in northwestern Canada from the Mackenzie Delta to the (south)western shore of Hudson Bay. Dialects:

    Siglit (Sig)

    Copper (Cop)

    Caribou (Car)

        Eskimo Point (EP)

    Netsilik (Net)

        Utkusiksalingmiut (Utk)


Eastern Canadian Inuit (ECI) is spoken in the eastern Canadian Arctic including part of the western shore of Hudson Bay and extending to the Davis Strait, including Labrador. Dialects:

    Aivilik (Aiv)

    South Baffin (SB) - including Frobisher Bay (FB)

    Tarramiut (Tar)

    North Baffin-Iglulik (NBI)

       Iglulik (Igl)

    Itivimmiut (Iti)

    Labrador (Lab)


Greenlandic Inuit (GRI). Dialects:

    North Greenlandic / Polar Eskimo (NG)

    West Greenlandic (WG)

        Upernavik (Up)

        Northwest Greenlandic (NWG)

        Southwest Greenlandic (SWG)

    East Greenlandic (EG)

NWG corresponds to Schultz-Lorentzen's 'NG' and SWG to his 'SG' (the latter including Central West Greenlandic around Nuuk).